Athens – Church of Agioi Theodoroi

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Crossing Odos Dragatsaniou, in the end stands the attractive medieval church of Agioi Theodoroi (St. Theodore), built on the site of a church founded in the ninth century, but in its present form dating from between 1050 and 1075. This small cruciform church with its high narrow dome, multiple roofs that lend it an air of rhythmic grace, narrow mullioned windows and decorated central door surmounted by arches, is a precious gem of eleventh century Byzantine architecture.

The earliest form of Byzantine churches was that of the basilica, a long rectangle divided by two or four ranges of columns into three or five naves. Later, during the 11th and 12th centuries, the plan changed to that of a Greek cross within a square, dominated by a dome constructed in brick and often combined with one or more subsidiary domes. The exterior walls consist of square-cut stone with thin brick surrounds and are enriched by bands of decoration, carving and the use of color. Few of these churches were large. Apart from St. Theodore, typical examples are the churches of Kapnikarea and St. Eleutherios.

The glory of the Byzantine church lies not so much in the architecture as to the ethereal beauty of its mosaics or frescoes. From the center of the principal dome Christ looks down upon the faithful and below Him are the Apostles. The Virgin appears in the half dome, while around the sanctuary are symbolic figures and emblems connected with the Eucharist. On the West wall opposite the chancel is the Last Judgement. Colored marble and similar material in the lower walls add to the resplendent beauty of the interior.

The liturgy of the Greek Orthodox Church requires separation of the altar from the laity. The altar is placed in a chancel screened from the congregation by the iconostasis, i.e. the screen dividing the sanctuary from the church proper. This is adorned with pictures of Christ, the Virgin, and Saints, and generally has three doors, the curtains of which are lowered while Mass is being celebrated. The chancel is flanked by the Prothesis, where the bread and wine for the Eucharist are prepared, and by the Diakonikon, or vestry.

In St. Theodore one can also notice the influence of the East on Byzantine art, which was prominent in the period from the mid-9th to mid-11th centuries, when Byzantine artists used a variety of Oriental motifs in their designs. It is probable that the design of pseudo-kufic characters (the script perfected during the 7th century by calligraphers in the city of Kafa, in present-day Iraq) that decorate the terracotta panel below the windows of the facade was inspired by the work of Arab craftsmen.

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6 Facts About Telecommunications Everyone Thinks Are True

How To Know If You Have The Right Telecommunication Company For Your Needs Because today, there are several people who observe about the onset of the telecommunication breakthroughs and innovations, telecommunication company providers are also in strong communication over those that can bring the better services to the customers maximizing all benefits and minimizing all hassles that they can experience. These are great news for customers who are looking for the benefits to think about the soaring prices of the service around. Customers are always on the lookout for the telecommunication company providers that can offer the innovative equipment that can do the tasks every day. Fortunately though, these telecommunication company providers are able to comply to all their needs and features and they can always make their services better for all their functions and their needs. The larger telecommunication company providers are not just about catering the corporations but also for the homeowners as well. When these benefits are concerned, clients and customers can always look forward to having no start-up costs to having not able to pay extra charges for connections and customers are always going to be happy about these.
News For This Month: Companies
Moreover, clients can also contact and coordinate with these telecommunication services companies when they need to get help and support for all the issues that they need to address.
News For This Month: Companies
Another great service that you can have from the telecommunication services companies is the billing choices. The two options that these telecommunication services companies offer are pre-paid billing and post-paid billing and once again, these can depend on your needs. Through Internet and online services, these telecommunication services companies can be able to offer benefits such as customized billing as long as their clients are comfortable about them. When it comes to these benefits and billing options that the telecommunication services companies offer, these online methods are offering business clients and homeowner clients the choice to actually check out the service and pay for them at the time that they feel comfortable about these. Aside from helping customers actually save time, these can also save time and the money of the providers. Then, you can always choose to have these bills delivered. Then the bills can also be customized and broken down so you can see the items that need to be paid well and good. Because of these options and dynamics that these can come from telecommunication services companies and groups, there are certain ways that customers can pay the bills right and the companies can maximize their profits as well, so you have to make the right decisions all the time.

What Do You Know About Phones

Choose Among the Three Options of Business Phone Systems Business maintains telecommunication networks for the phone communication. There are different types of phone systems that can be used by companies. Both the business structures and features of the phone systems must be factored in when making decisions on selection of phone systems. One of the decision that the business will take care of is whether to use mobile phones or to have dedicated phone systems. There are three choices from among which the business cam make a choice if it is to use a dedicated telephone services. The choice will depend on multiple factors including the number of employees who need to connect to the phone system. Virtual phone systems offer remote connection to people who are located in places other than the company office. It offers auto redirection of calls made to the office telephone when a client calls to the employee home or mobile phone. It is a phone system that maintains business professionalism at a lower budget. Features include automatic call forwarding, voicemail, faxing and call screening.
Resources: 10 Mistakes that Most People Make
Another telephone system is the landline telephones. Connection is made through copper wires. The services are offered by landline telephone companies. It requires installation of on-premises PBX hardware. Small business will find it expensive to use this system since it requires large upfront investments. It is effective for business with poor internet connections. This option is fine for firms with large capital base since it may prove cheaper. An in-house support staff need to be present.
Telecommunications Tips for The Average Joe
The VoIP model is the recent entrant among the phone systems. It makes of the existing internet for connection rather than copper wires. It is suitable for business with high speed internet connections. The VoIP systems provide remote mobile connections. A firm that decides to operate on a VoIP system has the option of self hosting or hosted services. For self hosted services, the business has to buy and own the assets required to run the systems. Among these are the PBX hardware.; the circuit connection board.Though expensive upfront, the system is cost effective in the long run. There needs to be a person who is skilled in the maintenance of the telecommunication systems. It is upon the business to ensure that the system is running. Otherwise, they would have to call for external assistance which might b costly. This is the best bet for firms who are concerned about the confidentiality of their phone communications. The hosted service is offered using the cloud technology There are no other assets that the company buys other than the phones. The service providers provide all the other facilities. Monthly payment per user basis are made.

Interesting Research on Telecommunications – What No One Ever Told You

Importance of Telecommunications in Every Business In a world that is always changing due to the modern Internet technology and telecommunications advancements, there is a battle among telecommunications companies to provide the best customer service and products. The competition between telecommunication companies is an advantage to the customer who is the target for the improvement of services and products . The best available technological equipment, due to this competition would be available to customers in the market. The competition in the telecommunications market makes available the best tech equipment and services to the customers. The dynamics of the maquettes of telecommunications dictates and improvements of features to the existing tools and services the customers are using. In order to make their products and services more user-friendly, they will improve the features on them regularly for the clients. Even the largest most profitable global telecommunications company target not only large businesses but also individuals. In the market today to access products from a telecommunications company will be cheap and easy to install, and most of them will come literally at no fee. These benefits we acquiring more consumers for their products. The competition has led up to the evolution of customer services. Companies are as competition with each other in terms of customer care services. In today’s market, the most important aspect of a company is customer care needs. The need for great customer care services is in demand. Good PR is important to any company when dealing with any kind of a client. Telecom companies have been coming up with on innovative systems that can help customers at any time with the questions . Prerecorded messages to guide the customer as well as a connection customer care agents are available to speak to.
Interesting Research on Telecommunications – What No One Ever Told You
How customers pay their bills and received the bill quotations has also been improved by telecom companies to make it easier for customers. Online billing can be done for customers who prefer to pay using that method of transferring money and clearing bills . You can also pay through online services such as phone payments and online payments. This has made it easier for customers to access the services and be able to pay for them without standing in queues in order to access the services. Being familiarized of telecommunication companies and the benefits as well as the costs you can make a decision easily on which to work with. Unlike before, where companies were limited and a choice on which telecom company to be affiliated with was difficult. In the past telecom companies did not have is of payments such as online which made it harder for the customer to pay or get disconnected. Today companies are competing to set up telecom branches in order to be global.A Quick Rundown of Telecommunications

A Simple Plan: Websites

Tips on Selecting a Web Design Agency It is good to note the fact that planning for a website design can exciting and overwhelming at the same time and because of the complexities of web design such as design, strategy, development and marketing which all require specialized competencies and thus selecting the right agency for the business can often make or break the initiative of the person. The business owner has to think beyond the web design services because there are many web design choices in the market and they range from freelancers to massive agencies and all other companies in between thus when looking for an agency the client needs to look for an organization that offers a suite of integrated services to meet all the digital requirements of the company. A fact worth stating is that having one company that provides all the services ranging from design, strategy, marketing and development services offers the convenience of a one-stop shopping and avoiding the inconvenience of having to track down various agencies between the different providers. Using one agency for all the digital needs of the company allows the business owner to create a more comprehensive, efficient digital presence because the agency fully comprehends all the goals of the firm and they can aid the firm to create a cohesive and integrated strategy to meet all their needs. It is good to note that the client needs to appreciate the value of strategic guidance because a worthwhile agency will see beyond the initial request of the customer and they will help the client to define their goals in the short term and in the long term so that it aligns with the plans that the business owner has. The client needs to look for a company that will take the time to understand the audience that the firm targets, come up with a customized way to handle the project and recommend the right services to achieve their success as a business.
A Quick Rundown of Designs
The potential customer has to research into whether the agency can build the site using a responsive design thus choosing a website design firm that has some experience in developing and designing responsive sites is critical and though creating a custom, responsive site will cost more in the beginning but it will soon benefit the business and its audience.
If You Read One Article About Companies, Read This One
An amazing fact to highlight is that the client also needs to select a CMS because there are so many management systems to opt from it can be hard to choose the best for the business and it is good to define the goals of the site which include: design, marketing, technology, compliance and security and in most cases an experienced agency should be able to guide the business owner towards a content management system that is a good fit for them.

The Acropolis – Athens, Goddess Athena

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Archaeologists tell us that the original city of Athens was situated on the Acropolis. Even in classical times, the Athenians still referred to this area as “the City.” The city of Athens and its patron goddess emerge into the light of history as inseparably coupled. In Mycenaean times each city was built around a central palace, and each palace was under the protection of its patron goddess. Athena was the goddess of the palace on the Acropolis. The names of the city and its goddess are essentially the same: Athena was Athens, and Athens was Athena. She was “The Athenian.” The ancient Athenians seem to have exhibited, during much of their history, precisely those virtues which they traditionally attributed to her. This may be because, when the Athenians imagined their goddess, they did so in their own image.

According to the myth, Zeus fell in love with a beautiful titaness, Metis (“Cunning Intelligence”). Although she repeatedly changed her shape to avoid his unwelcome attentions, as was his way, he persisted. In the end he caught up with her and raped her.

An oracle then announced that Metis would bear Zeus two children: first a daughter then, a son, and the son would be mightier than his father. Just as Zeus had once overthrown and dispossessed his own father, Chronos, so he was destined in his turn, to be overthrown by his own son. In a desperate attempt to avoid sharing his father’s fate, Zeus gave Metis a potion of drugged ambrosia, and then swallowed her whole.

Some time afterwards a terrible headache came upon him. In great pain, he sought the advice of Hermes, whose only suggestion was that Hephaestos, the smith of the gods, should open his head in order to allow the cause of his pain to escape. Zeus was so desperate that even this drastic remedy was preferable to doing nothing, and Hephaestos was duly summoned to cleave open Zeus’ head with his mighty axe. When he did so, to the astonishment of all the immortals, Athena sprang out with a great war-cry, fully-formed, wearing armour and bearing arms.

Zeus’ daughter not only became the patron of many arts at that time normally considered masculine preserves, such as ceramics, she was also credited with a distinctly unfeminine warlike nature. When the Olympian gods were faced with a titanic struggle against the giants, Athena played a major role in the war, defeating the giant Enkelados in single combat. She came to be depicted not merely as a virgin goddess, but, as an ancient Roman writer put it, as a virago: as a female capable of playing a leading role in a world dominated by men.

It came to be said that the reason for the birth of this goddess lay in a wager between Zeus and his consort, Hera, as to which of them could generate the better progeny entirely alone and unaided. By herself, Hera managed to produce only the crippled god, Hephaestos and a monster; while Zeus was able to bring forth, in Athena, one of the greatest of the Immortals.

This seems to have been a picturesque reference to a widespread belief, which was to appear later in the works of the philosopher Aristotle: that the father alone is responsible for generating his children, and for providing them with their inherited characteristics, and that their mother affords them nothing more than a temporary shelter and sustenance in her womb during her pregnancy.

This is a striking example of the strong climate of male chauvinism which dominated the early classical period in ancient Greece, which is very evident in myth and legend.

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Why No One Talks About Resources Anymore

Important Facts About Hemp Extract It is the compound called THC that is familiar what the people that know marijuana. Getting high because of marijuana use is because of this substance. CBD is another compound not that famous among people even the marijuana users. This is the compound that provides the other side of marijuana as it can give all of the health benefits without any untoward side effects. Marijuana has basically 60 compounds found on it and THC and CBD are just some of them. Most of the plants compounds are made up of THC and CBD that is why they are mostly highlighted. For most people, they grow marijuana for recreational purposes. These are the varieties that contains more THC than CBD. Depending on the variety, you will be able to see differences on the content of the compounds. Depending on the purpose if the plant, skilled growers will be able to alter these components. Because of the number of health benefits that the CBD compound has given, you may now see marijuana plants that have no trace of THC on it. Without the feeling of getting high, you can now enjoy all of its health benefits. It is in cannabis that you will find the compound cannabidiol, which is basically non-intoxicating. A number of health benefits is what you can get from this compound due to its unique properties. People are now interested about this compound as this will not make people high. Recently, the compound has been seen to be effective against cardiovascular diseases, anxiety, arthritis, and many other diseases. Since the discovery of the cannabis plant that has a rich content of CBD in 2009, the revolution started. In a place where the possession of cannabis is not illegal, researchers started to build laboratories. It is through these research that the health benefits of CBD ha slowly ben discovered. It is here where the CBD oils were first discovered and used. For a number of health reason, there have been a lot of people using the product already which contributed to its popularity. You will not get a high work CBD as this is non-psychoactive. You will get high with THC as its acts in the CB1 receptors if your brain. It is in your brain that you will find a high concentration of CB1 receptors, that is why if they are acted upon by the THC compound, then it will create a mind altering benefits. These varieties of marijuana may not be for the people that want it for recreational purpose. It is definitely a good choice though for people that are looking for health benefits. Since CBD acts differently and oppositely with THC, it can now be accounted as a valid medicine. That is why there are already a number of doctors recommending treatment with CBD.Why not learn more about Sales?

What You Should Know About Options This Year

Why No One Talks About Services Anymore

Benefits of Using The HOTH Products and Services

The HOTH SEO is a leading company provider for SEO services. The name HOTH was derived from Hittem Over The Head. The HOTH as a company has been in existence for six years now and since then they have had many SEO products and services that they offer. This means that their SEO business has grown for them to know what you really want as an investor who needs SEO services. They have got streamlined production system that allows them deliver custom projects and campaigns to their customers with lots of speed, agility and scale. If you are interested in getting SEO services then you should try The HOTH because of their products and services. The following are the reasons why it will be beneficial to use The HOTH SEO products and services.

SEO packages sold at The HOTH are cheap. You will be able to save a lot because The HOTH sells their products and services at wholesale price. Not many companies have such good prices. It will be cheaper especially if you buy all your SEO needs with The HOTH.

The HOTH SEO has existed for six years now. This is quite a long time to offer SEO services. Within the six years of existence thy have been made very popular by their customers. This has made them experienced in the SEOI business sector. Currently they are offering very many products and services that they have developed over the years.

You can also visit the web page of The HOTH. On the web page there are videos and it is simple making it easily understood by visitors. This means that they offer their services all over the world.They also do offer their SEO services all over the world. It does not matter where you are. You can use their web page to contact them and get their services anywhere anytime though they are based in the US.

The HOTH can scale your agency without hiring more employees. Your agency can grow but the labor force remains the same. This will add profits returns to your business. Their products and services for in house marketers s not overwhelming. They also help affiliates scale their campaigns without having to do the work by themselves.

With their amazing US based support, The HOTH products and services is US based stand above the crowd. You will be able to keep track of all your campaign because of the awesome dashboard that they have. Bloggers also have lots of products to choose from to help them write. There are very high powered links offered by The HOTH. The HOTH will also provide you with white label reports that you can either resell to your clients or even used them for personal purposes; just sign up to their website for free.

Reference: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=n5e4kr18w2U

Ancient History – Athens

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Archaeologists have found evidence that Athens has been inhabited from at least the fifth millennium BC. The site would have been attractive to early settlers for a number of reasons: its location in the midst of productive agricultural terrain; its closeness to the coast and the natural safe harbour of Piraeus; the existence of defensible high ground, the Acropolis (from akron and polis, or ‘city on the high ground’); and the proximity of a natural source of water on the north-west side of the Acropolis.

Traces of Mycenaean fortifications from the thirteenth century AC can still be seen on the Acropolis, including some foundations belonging to what must have been a palatial structure. The fortifications, known as the ‘Pelasgian’ walls (after the indigenous people believed to have built them before the arrival of the Greeks around 2000 BC), remained in use until the Persian Wars of 490-480 BC. One stretch behind the temple of Athena Nike appears to have been deliberately preserved in the Classical period.

There was a decline of Mycenaean society across the Greek world around the end of the twelfth century BC. Whether this was directly connected with the Trojan War (around 1184 BC), or the so-called Dorian Invasion thought to have taken place soon after this conflict, Athens does not appear to have succumbed to an attack. The Mycenaean royal family of Pylos is said to have taken refuge in Athens after their city’s fall to the Dorians. One of its members, Codros, became king of his adoptive city.

The collapse of Mycenaean civilization left Greece in political, economic and social decline, accompanied by loss of artistic skills, literacy and trade networks. The Mycenaean form of writing, known as Linear B, was completely forgotten, and the Greek alphabet did not emerge until the late eighth century BC as the new form of writing. At this time city states began to emerge throughout the Greek world, governed by oligarchies, or aristocratic councils. Thirteen kings ruled in Athens after Codros, until in 753 BC they were replaced by officials with a ten-year term, known as decennial archons, and in 683 BC by annually appointed eponymous archons.

Conflict between the oligarchs and the lower classes, many of whom had been reduced to slavery, led to a series of reforms that paved the way for the emergence of the world’s first true democracy. Around 620 BC the lawmaker Dracon set up wooden tablets on the Acropolis known as axones. These were inscribed with civil laws and punishments so harsh that the death penalty was prescribed even for minor crimes, giving rise to the term `draconian’ which is still used today. Dracon’s intervention did little to ensure order, prompting representatives of the nobles and lower classes in 594 BC to appoint the statesman and poet Solon as archon.

Solon terminated aristocratic rule, setting up a representational government where participation was determined not by lineage or bloodline, but wealth. He eliminated slavery based on debt, and restituted freedom and land to those who had been enslaved. Solon created a `Council of Four Hundred’ from equal numbers of representatives of the Ionian tribes to which the Athenians claimed to belong, and instituted four classes of citizenry.

Peisistratos, Solon’s younger cousin, became tyrant (tyrannos) of Athens in 545 BC. He ensured the Solonian constitution was respected and governed benevolently. After Peisistratos’ death, however, things took a negative turn and anti-Peisistratid sentiment grew. By 510 BC King Cleomenes of Sparta was asked to assist in deposing Peisistratos’ son Hippias. Hippias sought refuge in Persia at the court of King Darius.

Soon after, the aristocrat Cleisthenes promised to institute further reforms giving a more direct role to citizens in government. His reforms were passed in 508 BC, and democracy was established in Athens. A new `Council of Five Hundred’ (the Boule) replaced the ‘Council of Four Hundred’, with equal representation from the various tribes. Cleisthenes is also credited with instituting the system of ostracism, which ‘voted’ an individual considered dangerous to democracy into exile for ten years.

It is uncertain when the former Mycenaean citadel was transformed into a sacred precinct but by the late eighth century BC a modest temple (or perhaps more than one) stood on the plateau. The oldest and holiest cult image on the Acropolis was the statue of Athena Polias (Protectress of the City), a crude olive-wood figure, so old that Athenians of the Classical period believed it had either fallen from heaven or been made by Cecrops or Erichthonios. This sacred image of Athena was ritually ‘dressed’ every year in a peplos, a sacred robe, as part of the Panathenaic festival.

A temple is thought to have been built around 700 BC to the south of the later, Classical Erechtheion, to house the statue of Athena Polias. The first major building of which there are significant remains on the Acropolis was the so-called ‘Bluebeard Temple’, built in the Archaic period around 560 BC. The ‘Bluebeard Temple’ is thought by some to have stood to the south of the later Erechtheion. Ancient texts mention a mysterious building or precinct contemporary to the ‘Bluebeard Temple’, called the Hecatompedon, or ‘Hundred-footer’. Whatever this structure or place was, it gave its name to the principal room of the Classical Parthenon, perhaps because the later building occupies the same site.

With the expulsion of Hippias a new temple was built on the Acropolis, its foundations still visible to the south of the later Erechtheion. This building, the Archaios Naos, or ‘ancient temple’, is likely to have been deliberately commissioned around 506 BC as a replacement for the ‘Bluebeard Temple’.

The first Persian invasion of 490 BC saw the victory of the Athenians at the battle of Marathon against the forces of King Darius of Persia. The following year the elated Athenians leveled an area on the south side of the Acropolis and began construction of the Old Parthenon. A new gateway to the Acropolis was also commenced, known as the Old Propylaia.

This post-Marathonian building program on the Acropolis came to a violent end in 480 BC when Xerxes, son of King Darius, led a second Persian invasion of Greece. Athens had to be evacuated and Xerxes razed the city and buildings on the Acropolis. Under the command of Themistocles, the Athenians destroyed the Persian fleet in the battle of Salamis. Victory over the Persians was ensured after the battle of Plataea (479 BC), to the northwest of Athens, when a combined Greek army annihilated the Persians.

In the aftermath of the battle of Plataea, a vow was made by the victors never to rebuild the shrines that were destroyed in the war, preserving them instead as memorials for later generations.

Pericles, who was a general and statesman, came to power in Athens around 461 BC. He considered the oath of Plataea to have been fulfilled, as thirty years had elapsed from the Persian invasion, and proceeded to reconstruct the temples on the Acropolis. He gathered together the best architects and artists in the city and plans were drawn up to erect new buildings that would outshine those torn down by the Persians. The Periclean building programme enhanced the lower city with new monuments, such as the Temple of Hephaestus, also known as the Theseion, and the Painted Stoa or Poikile situated near the Agora (marketplace).

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